The year 2000 saw the start of a new assistance period in the European structural policies which have been realigned on the basis of Agenda 2000. In the course of this seven-year assistance period, from 2000 – 2006, the Federal Land of Bremen will continue to receive European funding as part of the Objective-2-Programme to support the economic and social redevelopment of areas with structural problems.
At around € 16 million per annum, the financial assistance is still higher than the figure for 1994 – 1999. The total volume of funds provided for
2000 – 2006 thus amounts to approx. € 113 million. The Federal Land of Bremen is obliged to provide co-financing of at least the same extent, so that total resources of approx. € 226 million are available for the measures of the Objective-2-Programme.
These support funds will benefit not only the entire city of Bremerhaven (population approx. 127,000), but also parts of the city of Bremen (affecting a population of approx. 220,000). The area designated for assistance in Bremen itself is smaller than in the past, when a population
of almost 300,000 was registered for the relevant area.
On the basis of the relevant sectors stipulated in Chapter 1.5, Bremen's
Objective-2-Programme 2000 – 2006 therefore has the following umbrella
objective: to promote economic strength, competitiveness, innovation
and employment in the region.
In the form of a pyramid of objectives, in addition to this global objective, there are also interim objectives, which are given concrete shape in the form of specific objectives.
Bremen's new Objective-2-Programme for the assistance period 2000 – 2006 focuses on five priorities, each of which includes corresponding
and integrated packages of measures and projects.
The structural change in conventional industrial regional economies is strategically dependent on simultaneously diversifying and modernising the economic structure if it is to be sustainable over the long term. In that respect, private enterprises and the investments they make play a crucial role. To a certain extent, these investments can be effected only when public financial incentives are offered, or in conjunction with such incentives. Bremen's Objective-2-Programme for the new assistance period, in continuity with the preceding programmes, features a package of measures aimed at such a development as its first priority.
Strengthening the service sector is an important fundamental objective in all conventional industrial regions and particularly so in the Federal Land of Bremen in view of the deficits stated above, so that this objective has consequently been given appropriate emphasis in Bremen's economic policies. This is reflected in the fact that it has been
accorded a separate development priority in the Objective-2-Programme,
which also includes a package of measures and projects which are coherent with Bremen's other activities in this sector. The experience gained in the previous support programmes also indicates the advisability of upgrading this development priority.
Both the old and the new Regional Fund Council Regulations contain an
express provision for financial contribution by ERDF to the protection and
improvement of the environment. The previous Bremen Objective-2-Programmes already conformed with that requirement. Strategic activities in the Federal Land of Bremen to protect the environment – in both the form of environmental policies combined with location upgrading and improving the economic development conditions – consequently show continuity which forms the basis for future activities.
As in the preceding Objective-2-Programmes 1994 – 1999, measures in
the sector of environmental protection and land redevelopment will be treated jointly under the heading of one priority. This follows on from previous experience, which has shown that the necessary ecological restoration of land and redevelopment in the narrower sense are clearly related in terms of both contents and procedures.
The conversion of areas in difficulty in Bremen is tackled in the form of a
coherent package of complementary measures which are also interlocked in the overall concept for development activities and the overall regional economic and labour market policies of the Federal Land of Bremen.
Both the integrative and demonstrative aspects of Bremen's urban support concept are reflected in a programme structure which juxtaposes three different sectors. The first two measures concentrate on plans for the district of Hemelingen in the city of Bremen, while measure sector 4.3 is completely devoted to the district of Geestendorf in Bremerhaven. Measure 4.3 breaks down into clearly differentiated segments and also involves a coherent package of individual activities, which are however on a smaller scale than in the city of Bremen.
This aims to support the additional measures taken by the administrative authority for execution and optimisation of the programme. First and foremost, these refer to ongoing programme evaluation, in particular the mid-term evaluation - programme administration, especially electronic capture and transmission of the financial data - programme monitoring by the Monitoring Committee and related activities, and the execution of relevant publicity measures as defined in Article 46 of Council Regulation (EC) No. 1260/1999 in compliance with Provision No. 11 of Council Regulation (EC) No. 1685/2000 on the eligibility of expenditure for grants.